Dr Lincoln Petersen (USA) – who did his thesis for his Masters degree (in Forensic Science) on “Lip Prints” – wrote this to us after viewing a photo image of the disputed print. We did not present our reports or opinion for review by him.
“After viewing the lifted image from your message I saw no markings suggesting it was originated by a lip.”
Dr. Noor Hazfalinda Hamzah (Expertise: Clinical Forensic) from the University of Kebangsaan in Malaysia wrote this to us after studying our Lip Report:
“Based on the pictures provided, I can safely conclude that the print does not suggest a lip print. After seeing many lip prints before, the creases which are usually present in a lip print are absent. Even if it is believed to be a lip print with any disease or any incident that may have changed the skin of the lip, the angle of the print as a lip print on a drinking glass is not usual, and after reviewing your research, my opinion is that it is not a lip print.”
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Balwant Rai*, BDS, MS (Forensic Odontology), JBR Medicare, India; KSI, USA wrote this to us after studying our Lip Report:
“Evidences from images:
1. Creases are absent
2. Creases are usually present in different diseases and disorders, which are absent
So, it is not lip print (1).
I did an analysis of provided images in Adobe Photoshop by using a technique (2). I did not find any features related to
lip prints while comparing with database.
My opinion, it is not a lip print, as per scientific evidences.“
1. Rai B, Kaur J. Chapter : 9 . Cheiloscopy in Identification: Forensic Odontology . Evidence-Based Forensic Dentistry.
2. Rai B, Kaur J. Chapter : 8. Bite Mark Analysis, Part 2: Adobe Photoshop®. link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007
*Assoc. Professor (Dr.) Balwant Rai is the founder of curriculum aeronautical (2006) and space Dentistry and JBR group association of space and aeronautical dentistry (2006). He is Program Director and Associate Professor of Aeronautic Dentistry at KSI. He is working as Researcher, VU, Amsterdam. He is also a consultant and adviser of different companies. He is also the President and Founder of the JBR Institute of Health Education Research and Technology. Dr. Rai has more than 100 published articles in international and national journals, has written seven books, and is Editor-in-Chief of four international journals. He is also founder of the BR formula and BR regression equation used in forensic technology. His current work involves the effect of micro-gravity on the oral cavity, human physiology and psychology and non-invasive biomarkers, including the elaboration of technologies to prevent the adverse effects of microgravity on the human physiology including oral cavity. His biography has been published in Who’s Who in Health and Medicine and Who’s Who in the World, USA. He is invited Editor of Mars Quarterly. He is an invited reviewer to NRF, South Africa, reviewer of more than 10 different journals, and has seven pending patents. He is an invited reviewer of many national and international indexed journals. He was selected as part of Crew 78, Crew on the Mars Desert Research Station [MDRS] as Health and Safety Officer and appointed as Commander for 100 B and Commander 114 crew on MDRS. He is principal investigator cum researcher on a project entitled “simulated micro-gravity and human factors including oral cavity: non invasive technology”. Dr. Rai is working with different space related research projects and has been an invited judge for different space related programs.
Anonymous expert from the UK through a SA reference: “Xxxxx has looked at the fingerprints (her speciality) and conferred with two other fingerprint specialists. They all feel that the ‘lip print’ is more likely a glove mark than a lip.”
Another anonymous expert from the UK: “For what it’s worth I’ve had a look at the marks on a larger screen and my first impression is that the ‘lip’ mark is in my opinion the side of a glove.”
(As this is a highly contentious case where intimidation is possible, we are not at liberty to necessarily reveal identities of reviewers. Many prefer, for now, not to be revealed. Also because in many cases the reviews were not officially asked for but were by incident obtained via references. However, we have and keep the proof of these communications.)